30+ Top Scrum Interview Questions 2021 [Updated]

Scrum Interview Questions: Scrum is a known Agile framework that incorporates the best principles that Agile offers. Scrum has established widespread acceptance & usage by numerous organizations throughout the world. With this article, you will learn everything needed to be known to excel in Scrum Interview Questions.

Scrum Interview Questions and Answers

What’s Scrum?

This is an agile framework that helps the team operate together. Scrum enables the teams to understand from skills, self-organize as they work on issues that reflect on victories & failures for making improvements.

What are the benefits of doing Scrum?

  • It raises Return of Investment (ROI)
  • It reduces the danger in response to variations made to the system
  • Improves the procedure continuously
  • Everyone sees actual working software & continues to improve for a different iteration.
  • It repeatedly & rapidly appears into actual operating software

What are Scrum process artifacts?

  • Scrum process artifacts include
  • Product backlog
  • Burndown chart
  • Sprint backlog
  • Velocity chart

For how long do scrum cycles last, and who is involved in the Scrum cycle?

The Scrum cycle is dependent on the kind of project a team is operating on. Typically, it ranges from about 2 to 4 weeks to almost a month.  The Scrum cycle contains a

  1. Product owner
  2. Scrum master
  3. Team

Define roles in Scrum?

Scrum Master: This person assists the team in understanding to apply Scrum to guarantee optimum business value. Scrum master eradicates impediments, allows them to accept agile practices, and shields the team from disruptions.

Product Owner: A product owner is a person that is responsible for improving the ROI through determining the product features, listing the parts to a list, what requires to be concentrated on the upcoming Sprint, & much more. These are continually re-prioritized & refined.

Scrum Team: These are a collection of people that operate together to ensure that stakeholders’ requests are provided.

What’s Scrum Sprint?

Projects of Scrum is established in some series of “sprint”. It’s a repeatable & regular work cycle at scrum style during which operates in accomplishing & retained ready for some review.

What are Scrum Team responsibilities?

Scrum Team is among the self-organizing & involves 5-7 members. Below are some of their responsibilities:

Ownership & transparency needs to be ensured for the job assigned to team members.

Operating products need to be developed & delivered during every Sprint.

They need to collaborate with the team & themselves.

Correct & crisp data needs to be offered to guarantee a successful everyday scrum meeting.

What’s the best duration for Sprint, and how does it affects workflow?

Sprint at Scrum lasts typically for about 30 days or two weeks.  2-week sprint preparation is preferred for a different reason. First, this makes it simpler for a team to approximate, plan & complete working within two weeks. Secondly, this offers sufficient time to the product owner to vary the significances more often & allows a team to familiarize quickly with market pressures.

What are other agile methodologies that you know, excluding Scrum?

Other Agile methodology includes XP, KanBan & Lean.

What’s the function of scrum-master in Scrum?

Removes obstacles that the team faces as they do the pursuit of sprint goals

Ensures that the scripting language is utilized for system testing & unit testing is composed in the same language

Maximizes teams productivity

Ensures that every standard-scrum practice are adhered to

Guides team & product owner in improving the efficiency of the practices

Clarify product backlog about Scrum

Before scrum sprint starts, the product owner reviews the list of every new feature, enhancement, change request, bug report & determines those that are of high significances. If the project is unique, it involves new features which the new system needs to offer. These lists of products are referred to as Product Backlog.  Things that are kept at Sprint are stated as Sprint Backlog.

What’s Scrum-ban?

This is an approach that is a mixture of Scrum & Kanban. Scrum-ban is used to suit the requirement of a team, & reduce batching of tasks, & embrace a pull-based scheme.

It skillfully includes a structure of Scrum & visualization & flexibility of Kanban.

What’s ‘Scrum of Scrums’?

This terminology is utilized for scaled agile tech, that’s needed to control & collaborate with numerous scrum teams. It’s best used in circumstances where groups are cooperating on challenging assignments.

It’s also utilized in ensuring that needed transparency, adaption, adoption, and collaboration are established & ensures that products are delivered and deployed.

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What happens at Sprint Retrospective?

Sprint retrospective occurs place after sprint review. During the meeting, potential issues, past mistakes, & new methods for handling them are debated. This information is incorporated in the planning of newsprint.

What’s User-Story Mapping?

This represents & arranges client stories that help accept system functionalities, planning releases, system backlog & offering values to customers.

They organize user stories depending on their priority on the horizontal axis. On the vertical axis, they’re represented depending on growing levels of complexity.

What are critical skills needed from a Scrum Master?

Fine-tuned structural skills

Strong know-how of Scrum & Agile concepts

Familiarity with tech utilized by the team

Having the ability to deal with conflicts & resolve fast

Be able to teach & coach the team to use Scrum practices

Be a good servant leader

What does a scrum burndown chart need to have?

Y-axis, which displays lasting effort

Best effort as a guideline

X-axis, which shows operational days

The real development of effort

Explain activities done in Agile-scrum meeting

The team examines the amount of time they got to do the task during Sprint

Group approximates how long a work will take

From product-backlog, the team gets the 1st item & breaks it into works

Decide features that have clarity & estimates the number to be scoped to Sprint

If there’s any period left during Sprint, they’ll move on to the next item on the product backlog

What’s “Velocity”?

This is the total strength a team is able of in a sprint. The number is gotten by adding every story point from previous Sprint stories. It’s a guideline for the team to comprehend the number of stories they can make in a sprint.

Explain what “Increment.” is

“Increment” refers to the total number of product backlog stuffs completed thru the Sprint & all earlier sprints. When Sprint ends, increment needs to be done status and must be at re-useable state regardless of if the product-owner is keen to release the product or not.

How does one create Burndown chart?

Burndown chart refers to a graph that shows the projected v/s actual energy of scrum tasks. It’s a tracing mechanism for a specific sprint; everyday tasks are traced to check if the stories are continuing towards the completion of committed story points or not. One needs to remember that efforts are measured in user stories & not hours.

What’s DoD, and how is it achieved?

DoD is a short form for Definition of Done. It’s achieved when

QA complete

The story is progress complete

The story encounters & satisfies receiving criteria

It features eligibility to be shipped/deployed at production.

Regression about the story is full

What’s MVP about Scrum?

MVP is a short form of Minimum Viable Product. This is a product with just a bare minimum needed feature, which is demonstrated to stakeholders & it’s eligible to be transported to production.

When is Scrum not beneficial?

Scrum is beneficial to monitor tasks with 5 – 10 people that are committed to attaining sprint goals.

It doesn’t go well with big groups/teams having extra responsibilities.  For the bigger team, Scrum is applied by dividing the team into small groups & practice Scrum.

What is “Impediments” & “Sashimi”?

Impediments: This is an obstacle that prevents team members from acting their task is denoted as impediments

Sashimi: The term Sashimi is analogous to “done”; it’s utilized to define a particular task when it’s completed. This term used by the various team to denote their finished task status might differ though should remain similar within a single unit.

What’s the function of Sprint Retrospective?

The function of Sprint Retrospective is planning ways for the team to raise its quality & effectiveness. Teams do this by reviewing the past performance & generating tangible actions for development to be performed in the next Sprint.

How do a Scrum Master-track Sprint progress?

  1. Everyday Scrum meetings
  2. Sprint planning
  3. Scrum retrospectives
  4. Escaped defects
  5. Sprint burndown
  6. Defect density
  7. Team velocity

What’s Empirical Process-Control at Scrum?

Empiricism refers to a task dependent on facts, evidence, experiences, observations, & experimentation. It’s established & followed at Scrum to guarantee project progress & interpretation that’s based on statements of facts.

This relies on observation, adaption, and transparency.

A mindset of a team & the shift in believed process & culture is essential to achieve agility needed by an organization.

What’s a Burndown & Burnup Chart?

Burnup chart refers to a tool that is utilized to track the amount of task that is finished & to represent the total amount of labor required to end a project/sprint.

The Burndown chart signifies how quick working via client’s stories is. This shows total effort against the number of jobs for every iteration.

What are the disadvantages to utilizing Scrum?

Teams require to be collaborative & committed to ensuring excellent results

Scrum needs people with experience

Scrum Master who has lesser experience can create the fall of a project

It operates better smaller projects & is hard to scale to bigger and complex projects

Tasks require to be well defined, lest a project has more inaccuracies


These interview questions form the basics of understanding Scrum. This guarantees that you are familiar with questions and answers through relevant knowledge to back up one’s understanding.

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