10+ Civil Engineer Interview Questions and Answers: Civil engineering is a technical curriculum that deals with the development, production, and management of the physical and naturally constructed environment. While appearing for a professional job in civil engineering can get you thinking about what and how to get prepared; the mentioned civil Engineering Interview Questions and Answers will help you understand and frame your answers. The Civil Engineering Interview questions in this article will deal with projects like bridges, highways, canals, dams, and houses.
For anyone interested in working in the construction industry, there are a number of top firms that provide positions such as Construction Manager (Abroad), Sr. Customer Relationship Manager Site Engineer, Production Superiors, Facilities Manager, Sr Manager / AGM / DGM Construction, and several others.
The requirement for Civil Engineers and Construction Managers is increasing in tandem with the global construction sector’s rapid growth. Applicants who wish to pursue a career as a Civil Engineer must first pass an interview in which they will be presented a variety of Civil Engineering interview questions.
A few of the topmost Civil engineering interview questions on buildings are-
Explain what are the phases inspections are done by local authority while construction?
Ans- Local Authority carries out various inspection during the building process, including the very first thing is the inspection of the site, inspections are also performed prior to the start of construction or during the first phase of construction, then we have an inspection of the foundation (before placing of concrete). The other kinds of inspection that take place are mostly of the framing (before insulating or covering frame), insulation (after the insulation is completed) and finally the inspection at the end (after all construction is completed, and permits are received).
What does construction cost cover and what does not?
Ans- Material, labor, machinery, and facilities, as well as the contractor’s payroll and benefit, are all included in a construction cost. It does not, however, cover compensation charged to the designer, contractor, or engineers, as well as the cost of the property and other expenses that are the responsibility of the owner.
What is an Architect-Prepared Contract?
Ans- A contract designed by the architect between the holder and the architect, and sometimes approved by a lawyer before implementation, is known as an Architect-Prepared Contract. It is a legally binding agreement that contains contract terms, as well as sufficient legal security for all parties.
List out some of the software programs that can be useful for an architect?
Ans-Some of the major software program that can be useful for architect includes photoshop, AutoCAD, Revit, 3DS Max, Microsoft Office, Digital media, Sketchup, and Adobe creative suites. If you have experiences in working with any of the software you can conclude the answer by saying “I also have worked with a few of the software in my previous organization/work”
Explain how you can use different dimension tools in CAD? What are the different dimensions available?
Ans- If you’re using CAD and need to use dimension software, get on CAD>Dimensions and you’ll find several choices, including auto interior dimensions, auto exterior dimensions, moving objects using dimensions, display temporary dimensions, point to point dimensions, angular dimensions, end to end dimensions, interior dimensions, and manual dimensions.
What precautions are necessary in an area where work may take place on a sloping roof?
Ans-The precautions required are ladders or crawling boards while working on a sloping roof.
What is bleeding in concrete?
Ans-A type of segregation in which water rises to the surface of the concrete due to the fact that water has the lowest specific gravity of all the concrete ingredients is known as bleeding in concrete.
How do you check the quality of cement on the site?
Ans- There are quite some factors that must be taken to account while checking the quality of cement on the site. The first factor is the date of Mfg, with time the strength of cement deteriorates, so it’s crucial to keep an eye on it. The second is color, the color scheme should be grey with a soft greenish tint. Colour can hugely determine the presence of excess lime or clay. The final factor that needs to be looked at is the float test. This test will indicate the strength of the cement, if the cement is strong it can float for a short period before sinking. Also, one of the quickest ways to test the quality of the cement is by putting your hand in a cement bag and you should get a cool feel.
What are the duties and responsibilities of civil site engineers in road and building construction?
Ans- When a person is working as a construction supervisor, he/she must make sure that the concrete is mixed to the required grade. They should check that the various layers of the road are placed in the correct thickness when supervising it. A Civil engineer who is in charge of carrying out all building activities assigned to him should bear responsibility for all scopes of work under his supervision.
Why are steel plates inserted inside bearings in elastomeric bearings?
Ans- To make an elastomeric bearing behave like a soft spring, it must be designed to enable it to bulge laterally, and the stiffness compression can be enhanced by simply raising the lateral bulging limiting number. Metal plates are sometimes used to improve the bearing’s compression stiffness.
When the steel plates are used in bearings, the bulge’s freedom is severely limited, and the bearing’s deflection is significantly reduced as compared to a bearing lacking a steel plate. The steel plates are subjected to the bearings’ tensile stresses. The presence of various metal plates, on the other hand, does not affect the bearings’ shear stiffness.
Why curing done by polythene sheets not preferred?
Ans- The main objective of curing is to minimize the heat loss of fresh concrete to the atmosphere as well as the temperature gradient around the concrete’s cross-section. Polythene sheets are used because they provide an airtight condition around the concrete base, eliminating the chances of evaporation on newly laid concrete. However, the use of polythene has the downside of being quickly washed away by the wind, and the water lost due to self-desiccation cannot be substituted. The use of polythene sheets to cure vast areas of concrete is therefore not recommended.